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Operating Tables and Their Features

Selecting equipment for a surgical theater is always a difficult task. There will be numerous doctors, specialists, and medical professionals using the same equipment in most cases, so versatility and durability needs to be a major factor. Other factors such as features, options and even the safety and practicality of surgical operating tables have to also come into consideration.

Some models of operating tables are powered by electrical motors, which can be a good option. However, for many doctors and medical professionals, a better option is a hydraulic pump. This provides a much smoother raising and lowering of the table without the abrupt starts and stops that are present with the electric motor option. The lifting and lowering feature is typically controlled by a foot pedal, which is perfect for easy adjustment without requiring additional hands to operate the controls. The various components of the table are usually manually controlled by handles that are located towards the middle section of the operating table. These central control features are designed to be easily accessible, yet not in the way of movement around and along the sides of the table. The lateral and trendelenburg functions are all controlled manually by these handles.

Removable sections, particularly the head rest and the leg rests, make operating tables very practical for a wide variety of surgical procedures. By having the option to use or remove the various components of the table, extra space is not wasted around the table, and the medical staff has unhindered access to the patient as needed. Other features that are usually found with operating tables include shoulder supports, anesthesia screens, arm boards, lateral supports, stirrups and clamps. Different operating tables will offer different styles and features of these standard accessories. For many models of operating tables, additional accessories are available that may be interchangeable between types of tables.

Most operating tables will have standard specifications with regards to dimensions. There is some variation, but generally they will measure approximately 79 inches in length and 20 inches in width although there are much longer options up to 83 inches available. The elevation range on the operating table will usually be between 31 and 40 inches, although again there is variation between table styles, models and manufacturers. Trendelenburg positions and reverse Trend positions are usually plus and minus 22 degrees with a lateral tilt of plus or minus 18 degrees. Leg sections and back sections likewise have a range of possible positions that allow the patient to be positioned correctly for maximum efficiency and safety during the procedure.

All medical operating tables are designed to be very stable, most with a single stainless steel column that is sturdy, durable and very easy to clean and maintain. The upholstery is seamless on the top surface and highly resistant to tearing, cuts and punctures as well as being easy to maintain and sterilize as needed. Other additional features offered with different models of operating tables may certainly mean a big difference in their functioning. Look for tables that offer a split leg design as this can be a huge additional feature in many surgical suites.


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